Assessment of Impact of a Hope-Building Intervention on Flourishing among Undergraduate University Students in Karen W, Lang’ata Constituency, Nairobi County.
Churu, Beatrice W. E.
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There is increasing recognition of the need for sustainable character formation of youth in Kenya, towards promoting better mental health outcomes. This study aims at contributing in character formation and improved mental health—by assessing the impact of an intervention of the character strength of hope among the participants towards ameliorating their level of flourishing. The study is carried out among young university students in Karen Ward of Lang’ata Constituency, Nairobi County. Pre- and post-intervention tests using the Adult Hope Scale (AHS) of Snyder and the Mental Health Continuum-Short Form (MHC-SF) of Corey Keyes were administered to a group of students in each of two Universities (N= 190)—one became the control and the other the intervention. Between the pre-test and post-test, the intervention group was administered a six session hope-building intervention in the context of group counselling. Through a Pearson coefficient (r) analysis carried out on the combined pre-test data of the two groups, a significant positive correlation (.569) between levels of hope and of flourishing was established. A Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance (R-MANOVA) carried out on the pre-test and post test data on hope and flourishing showed improvement for both variables in both groups. The difference in the extent of change is considerable with the control group positive difference at a mean of 0.63 and 5.28, compared to the intervention group mean difference of 7.28 and 12.43 for hope and flourishing respectively. Simple linear regression analysis a small but statistically significant influence of the intervention on flourishing levels (F = 10.9, p < .05), and gives a significant .314 or 31% influence of the raised level of hope on the raised level of flourishing. This impact of the intervention implies that character development can fruitfully be mainstreamed in the accompaniment of university students towards optimum flourishing outcomes.