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Recent Submissions

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The Role of Information Searching Proficiency in Shaping E-Resource Utilization among Graduate Students in Christian Universities
(International Journal of Professional Practice (IJPP), 2023-12-15) Kinoti, Dennis Mwaki; Paul, Maku Gichohi; Winfred Gatimu
The global shift to virtual libraries and widespread e-learning in tertiary institutions has notably increased electronic resource adoption in university libraries and information centers. To optimize e-resources use, the proficiency to effectively search for information remains a crucial factor in facilitating the research, learning, and scholarly accomplishments of graduate students. However, empirical investigations indicate that e-resources continue to experience suboptimal utilization. This study examined how the proficiency to search for information impacted the utilization of e-resources by graduate students in Christian universities in Nairobi County. The descriptive survey research design was used. The target population comprised 843 graduate students and 8 librarians. A 20% sample was taken for graduate students, resulting in 168 graduate students being selected using a stratified and systematic technique. All librarians were purposively picked for this study. Data was collected through the administration of questionnaires and interviews. Qualitative data underwent thematic analysis and thematic presentation. The quantitative data, which was presented using tables, was analyzed using measures such as mean, frequencies, standard deviation, percentages, linear regression, and Pearson correlation. The findings indicated that graduate students demonstrated a high level of familiarity with search databases. Additionally, they exhibited considerable expertise in formulating search strategies and proficiently applying various search techniques. Furthermore, the findings revealed a positive association between searching for information and the utilization of e-resources. The results of the regression analysis confirmed that the proficiency to search for information significantly predicts 81.9% of the variation in the utilization of e-resources. The study concluded that the proficiency to search for information significantly shapes e-resource utilization among graduate students in Christian Universities. The study recommends prioritizing information retrieval training, enhancing the acquisition of e-resources, involving librarians in pedagogy, incorporating and evaluating Information Literacy (IL) courses into the curriculum, and facilitating academic and professional development.
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Citation and Referencing as a Catalyst for Optimizing E-Resource Utilization
(International Journal of Professional Practice (IJPP), 2023-07-13) Kinoti, Dennis Mwaki; Paul, Maku Gichohi; Winfred, Gatimu
Sophisticated systems and technologies have led to the proliferation of e-resources and their adoption alongside print media in higher learning institutions, particularly with the rise of e-learning. To ensure effective utilization of e-resources, citation and referencing competences remain integral in graduate students’ research, learning and scholastic achievement. Nonetheless, studies done reveal that e-resources remain underutilized. This study aimed at investigating the role of citation and referencing competences in enhancing e-resource utilization among graduate students in Christian Universities in Nairobi County. Descriptive survey research design was used to gather comprehensive data. Stratified and systematic sampling was employed to select graduate students, and purposive sampling to select librarians. The target population was 843 graduate students and 8 library staff. A 20% sample was selected, resulting to 168 graduate students and 8 librarians. Questionnaires collected data from graduate students and the librarians were interviewed. Thematic analysis was done for qualitative data, which was presented thematically and using verbatim. Quantitative data analysis was conducted using SPSS, employing descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results were presented in tables and figures. The findings revealed that graduate students showed a strong preference for and effectively utilized a variety of e-resources. Additionally, they demonstrated a satisfactory understanding and application of citation, referencing styles, and reference management software/tools. The Pearson correlation analysis indicated a strong positive linear association. Consequently, the study concluded that citing and referencing significantly affected graduate students’ use of e-resources. Based on these findings, the study recommends mandatory training in citing and referencing for graduate students in Christian universities in Nairobi County. It emphasizes the need to market e-resources, analyze usage statistics, and reassess the library budget. Additionally, attention should be given to mastering referencing, improving citation ability, and utilizing reference management tools/software in a bid to optimizing e-resource use and overall academic success.
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PRINCIPALS’ INSTRUCTIONAL LEADERSHIP ROLE AND LESSON STUDY PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KAJIADO COUNTY, KENYA
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) CHIIRA RAHAB
The study investigated principals’ instructional leadership role and lesson study program implementation in public secondary schools in Kajiado County. It was guided by the following objectives: To investigate principals’ instructional supervision role and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County; to investigate principals’ promotion of collaborative practices and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County; to investigate principals’ coordination of staff professional development and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County and to investigate principals’ resource allocation and the implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County. The study was anchored on Carrier’s instructional leadership model, Vygotsky’s Social Cultural Development Theory and the Hallinger & Murphy Model of Instructional Leadership. Mixed methods research approach was used with convergent parallel mixed methods design. The study target population consisted of 95 public secondary schools, 95 principals and 651 mathematics and science teachers from Kajiado County with a sample size of 29 principals and 248 mathematics and science teachers. This was achieved using probability and non-probability sampling techniques which included purposeful, proportionate and simple random sampling. Collection of data was done using interview guide for principals and a questionnaire for teachers. A pilot study was conducted in two schools which had characteristics similar to those of schools that were involved in the study. The research instruments were validated by experts with knowledge on instructional leadership from Tangaza University College and the Catholic University of Eastern Africa. Analysis of quantitative data was done using descriptive statistics which included frequency distributions and percentages and was generated by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25. Data was presented in form of bar graphs, pie charts and frequency tables. Qualitative data was analysed using thematic approach and was presented using narratives and direct quotes. The findings revealed that secondary school principals carried out supervision throughout the process of lesson study by attending lesson study meetings and observing lessons as well as giving feedback; supported collaborations such as team work, peer lesson observation and networking and linkages; supported teachers to attend professional development and in allocated resources such as time, human resource and funds for lesson study implementation. However, the study revealed challenges that face lesson study implementation such as lack of time, funds, materials and uncooperative teachers. The study concluded that for effective implementation of lesson study, principals’ instructional leadership is required
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INFLUENCE OF PRINCIPALS’ TEACHER MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KILIFI SOUTH SUB-COUNTY, KENYA
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) KILWAKE NEKESA EVERLYNE
Effective management of teachers in a school system plays a vital role in facilitating students’ academic achievements as they prepare for life opportunities. This study investigated the influence of the principals’ teacher management strategies on the students’ academic achievement in public secondary schools in Kilifi South Sub-County, Kenya. The specific objectives were, to evaluate whether the provision of incentives to teachers by principals influences students’ academic achievements, to find out the extent to which principal’s promotion of teamwork among teachers influences students’ academic achievements, to determine whether principals’ support to teachers professional development influences students’ academic achievements and fourthly, to establish whether principals’ way of monitoring the teachers’ syllabus coverage influences students’ academic achievements in public secondary schools in Kilifi South Sub-County. The study was guided by Total Quality Management theory which was supplemented by the Reinforcement theory. The study employed the convergent parallel mixed method. The target population for the study was composed of ten public secondary schools, form three and four students. One Quality Assurance and Standards Officer, and one Teacher Service Commission Sub County Director in Kilifi South Sub-County. Purposive sampling was used to select ten principals and one Quality Assurance Officer. Stratified Sampling Method was used to select 90 out of 115 teachers, Proportionate sampling was employed to select 306 out of 1300 students. Reliability of the instruments was tested using the test-retest technique where the scores for teachers were 0.817 while the scores students were 0. 774. Quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science Software Version 23. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to present quantitative data. Qualitative data was arranged into themes and reported in the form of narratives and direct quotations. The study findings showed that teachers are given paid leave, over time bonuses, and gifts as incentives to improve their performance, however they are not given opportunities for professional development as an incentive. The study also revealed that principals do not really support teamwork and also do not allow teachers to participate in decisions making. The study found out that the principals do not encourage teachers’ professional development, they do not allow them to attend seminars, workshops and refresher courses. On the fourth objective, the study established that most teachers had a negative attitude towards principals monitoring teachers on syllabuses coverage. The study recommended the need to improve education policies, and that a similar study should be carried out in other sub-counties in Kenya.
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THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE CATHOLIC DIOCESE OF MARSABIT IN EDUCATION AND STUDENTS’ RETENTION IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN MARSABIT COUNTY – KENYA
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) MUTINDA STEPHEN MUTUKU
This study explored the contribution of the Catholic Diocese of Marsabit on students’ retention in selected secondary schools in Marsabit County. The objectives of the study were: to establish the effects of Church-family relationship on student’s retention, to find out the contribution of Church initiated programs on students’ retention and to examine the contribution of the Catholic diocese of Marsabit sponsorship and donations on student’s retention: Tinto’s theory of students’ retention and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory guided this study. The purpose of this study was to provide the ministry of education, educators and policy makers with vital information on enhancement of students’ retention. The study adopted convergent parallel mixed method design. The study targeted population of 5,727 which included 12 principals, 48 class teachers, 50 parents, 17 priests and 5,600 students of the twelve secondary schools where the Catholic Church was fully involved in rendering services. The sample size for the study was 477 participants who selected through simple random and purposive sampling methods whereby only 464 participants responded to the study. Questionnaires were used for students and class teachers while interview guide was used for principals, priests and parents. Reliability of the questionnaire instrument was tested through test-retest formula of Pearson before being administered to the target population. The reliability correlation coefficient of the research instruments was 0.92 (92%). Data collected through the questionnaires and interviews was sorted out, coded, analyzed and interpreted through descriptive and inferential analysis using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. The findings showed that the Catholic diocese of Marsabit had contributed and impacted positively on the enhancement of student’s retention in secondary school. The study recommended that the policy makers to make policies that allow the Catholic Church and other institution to help in the enhancement of students’ retention, and the school administration to come up with motivation programs to enhance students’ retention. The study also recommended that the students to cooperate in attending any program that can help in their retention in school.