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(TUC, 2024-03-20) GITAU ANNIE
The social transformation of media houses' consumers, and eventually of their nations, is important. They encourage and direct national discourse on these topics from the grassroots of homes in the community to the offices of those in power by shedding light on challenges impacting society. But for this to happen, journalists should ideally operate in an environment free of pointless restrictions. Journalists regrettably have to deal with a constantly contracting field of operation because of, among other constraints, editorial regulations. This study's goal was to investigate how editorial guidelines affected media outlets' portrayal of Kenya's socioeconomic development. with reference to the NMG which has two major departments: print and broadcasting. Print focuses on all published newspapers, while broadcasting incorporates television, radio and social media. The study focused largely on the print area. The specific objectives of the study were to: examine the effects of editorial policies on demand for comprehensive research on the coverage of news in the print and social media channels in Kenya; investigate the effects of editorial policies on choice of words on the coverage of news in print and social media channels in Kenya and; determine the extent to which policies on requirement for geographical responsive news affects the coverage of news in print and social media channels in Kenya. The study adopted the Gatekeeping Theory, Priming Theory, Agenda Setting Theory and Political Economy Theory. A mixed methods approach combining both quantitative and qualitative research was employed for this study. The population was 110 participants and the sample size was 66 comprising journalists 36, editors 15 and 15 sub-editors purposively selected. Both questionnaires and interviews were utilized to gather data, and the outcomes were visualized using tables and figures. To examine relationships among variables and predict media house news coverage based on independent factors, statistical analyses such as Pearson correlation and multiple regression were employed. Content analysis was applied to the interview data and document analysis on NMG's editorial guidelines. The results revealed that the NMG's Editorial Policy Guidelines reflect a commitment to journalistic integrity, independence, social responsibility, and continuous improvement. The study also noted that journalists operate within set editorial norms in media organizations, influencing their ability to acquire, develop, and circulate news. Consequently, some news stories may be omitted, diminishing media's potential to support societal change. Given the interplay between editorial policies and social media's impact, a re evaluation of gatekeeping and editorial guidelines is imperative. Additionally, the study highlighted the influence of editorial policies on societal change in Kenya, as media shapes social capital and individual perceptions. While media heightens public awareness, the study indicated variations in the NMG's coverage of news across print and social media platforms, thereby impacting their role in social transformation. Recommendations include refining editorial policies to encompass news with transformative potential. Moreover, print media should clarify and expand word choice guidelines to eliminate ambiguity and foster social change. On geographical reach, the print media should give pre-eminence to societal issues irrespective of the location. They should emphasize on covering issues of societal importance which could go on to contribute to social transformation
Citation and Referencing as a Catalyst for Optimizing E-Resource Utilization
(International Journal of Professional Practice (IJPP), 2023-07-13) Kinoti, Dennis Mwaki; Paul, Maku Gichohi; Winfred, Gatimu
Sophisticated systems and technologies have led to the proliferation of e-resources and their adoption alongside print media in higher learning institutions, particularly with the rise of e-learning. To ensure effective utilization of e-resources, citation and referencing competences remain integral in graduate students’ research, learning and scholastic achievement. Nonetheless, studies done reveal that e-resources remain underutilized. This study aimed at investigating the role of citation and referencing competences in enhancing e-resource utilization among graduate students in Christian Universities in Nairobi County. Descriptive survey research design was used to gather comprehensive data. Stratified and systematic sampling was employed to select graduate students, and purposive sampling to select librarians. The target population was 843 graduate students and 8 library staff. A 20% sample was selected, resulting to 168 graduate students and 8 librarians. Questionnaires collected data from graduate students and the librarians were interviewed. Thematic analysis was done for qualitative data, which was presented thematically and using verbatim. Quantitative data analysis was conducted using SPSS, employing descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results were presented in tables and figures. The findings revealed that graduate students showed a strong preference for and effectively utilized a variety of e-resources. Additionally, they demonstrated a satisfactory understanding and application of citation, referencing styles, and reference management software/tools. The Pearson correlation analysis indicated a strong positive linear association. Consequently, the study concluded that citing and referencing significantly affected graduate students’ use of e-resources. Based on these findings, the study recommends mandatory training in citing and referencing for graduate students in Christian universities in Nairobi County. It emphasizes the need to market e-resources, analyze usage statistics, and reassess the library budget. Additionally, attention should be given to mastering referencing, improving citation ability, and utilizing reference management tools/software in a bid to optimizing e-resource use and overall academic success.
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) CHIIRA RAHAB
The study investigated principals’ instructional leadership role and lesson study program implementation in public secondary schools in Kajiado County. It was guided by the following objectives: To investigate principals’ instructional supervision role and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County; to investigate principals’ promotion of collaborative practices and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County; to investigate principals’ coordination of staff professional development and implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County and to investigate principals’ resource allocation and the implementation of lesson study program in public secondary schools in Kajiado County. The study was anchored on Carrier’s instructional leadership model, Vygotsky’s Social Cultural Development Theory and the Hallinger & Murphy Model of Instructional Leadership. Mixed methods research approach was used with convergent parallel mixed methods design. The study target population consisted of 95 public secondary schools, 95 principals and 651 mathematics and science teachers from Kajiado County with a sample size of 29 principals and 248 mathematics and science teachers. This was achieved using probability and non-probability sampling techniques which included purposeful, proportionate and simple random sampling. Collection of data was done using interview guide for principals and a questionnaire for teachers. A pilot study was conducted in two schools which had characteristics similar to those of schools that were involved in the study. The research instruments were validated by experts with knowledge on instructional leadership from Tangaza University College and the Catholic University of Eastern Africa. Analysis of quantitative data was done using descriptive statistics which included frequency distributions and percentages and was generated by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 25. Data was presented in form of bar graphs, pie charts and frequency tables. Qualitative data was analysed using thematic approach and was presented using narratives and direct quotes. The findings revealed that secondary school principals carried out supervision throughout the process of lesson study by attending lesson study meetings and observing lessons as well as giving feedback; supported collaborations such as team work, peer lesson observation and networking and linkages; supported teachers to attend professional development and in allocated resources such as time, human resource and funds for lesson study implementation. However, the study revealed challenges that face lesson study implementation such as lack of time, funds, materials and uncooperative teachers. The study concluded that for effective implementation of lesson study, principals’ instructional leadership is required
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) KILWAKE NEKESA EVERLYNE
Effective management of teachers in a school system plays a vital role in facilitating students’ academic achievements as they prepare for life opportunities. This study investigated the influence of the principals’ teacher management strategies on the students’ academic achievement in public secondary schools in Kilifi South Sub-County, Kenya. The specific objectives were, to evaluate whether the provision of incentives to teachers by principals influences students’ academic achievements, to find out the extent to which principal’s promotion of teamwork among teachers influences students’ academic achievements, to determine whether principals’ support to teachers professional development influences students’ academic achievements and fourthly, to establish whether principals’ way of monitoring the teachers’ syllabus coverage influences students’ academic achievements in public secondary schools in Kilifi South Sub-County. The study was guided by Total Quality Management theory which was supplemented by the Reinforcement theory. The study employed the convergent parallel mixed method. The target population for the study was composed of ten public secondary schools, form three and four students. One Quality Assurance and Standards Officer, and one Teacher Service Commission Sub County Director in Kilifi South Sub-County. Purposive sampling was used to select ten principals and one Quality Assurance Officer. Stratified Sampling Method was used to select 90 out of 115 teachers, Proportionate sampling was employed to select 306 out of 1300 students. Reliability of the instruments was tested using the test-retest technique where the scores for teachers were 0.817 while the scores students were 0. 774. Quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Science Software Version 23. Descriptive statistics such as frequencies and percentages were used to present quantitative data. Qualitative data was arranged into themes and reported in the form of narratives and direct quotations. The study findings showed that teachers are given paid leave, over time bonuses, and gifts as incentives to improve their performance, however they are not given opportunities for professional development as an incentive. The study also revealed that principals do not really support teamwork and also do not allow teachers to participate in decisions making. The study found out that the principals do not encourage teachers’ professional development, they do not allow them to attend seminars, workshops and refresher courses. On the fourth objective, the study established that most teachers had a negative attitude towards principals monitoring teachers on syllabuses coverage. The study recommended the need to improve education policies, and that a similar study should be carried out in other sub-counties in Kenya.
(Tangaza University College, 2023-10-10) MUTINDA STEPHEN MUTUKU
This study explored the contribution of the Catholic Diocese of Marsabit on students’ retention in selected secondary schools in Marsabit County. The objectives of the study were: to establish the effects of Church-family relationship on student’s retention, to find out the contribution of Church initiated programs on students’ retention and to examine the contribution of the Catholic diocese of Marsabit sponsorship and donations on student’s retention: Tinto’s theory of students’ retention and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory guided this study. The purpose of this study was to provide the ministry of education, educators and policy makers with vital information on enhancement of students’ retention. The study adopted convergent parallel mixed method design. The study targeted population of 5,727 which included 12 principals, 48 class teachers, 50 parents, 17 priests and 5,600 students of the twelve secondary schools where the Catholic Church was fully involved in rendering services. The sample size for the study was 477 participants who selected through simple random and purposive sampling methods whereby only 464 participants responded to the study. Questionnaires were used for students and class teachers while interview guide was used for principals, priests and parents. Reliability of the questionnaire instrument was tested through test-retest formula of Pearson before being administered to the target population. The reliability correlation coefficient of the research instruments was 0.92 (92%). Data collected through the questionnaires and interviews was sorted out, coded, analyzed and interpreted through descriptive and inferential analysis using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20. The findings showed that the Catholic diocese of Marsabit had contributed and impacted positively on the enhancement of student’s retention in secondary school. The study recommended that the policy makers to make policies that allow the Catholic Church and other institution to help in the enhancement of students’ retention, and the school administration to come up with motivation programs to enhance students’ retention. The study also recommended that the students to cooperate in attending any program that can help in their retention in school.