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    Citation and Referencing as a Catalyst for Optimizing E-Resource Utilization
    (International Journal of Professional Practice (IJPP), 2023-07-13) Kinoti, Dennis Mwaki; Paul, Maku Gichohi; Winfred, Gatimu
    Sophisticated systems and technologies have led to the proliferation of e-resources and their adoption alongside print media in higher learning institutions, particularly with the rise of e-learning. To ensure effective utilization of e-resources, citation and referencing competences remain integral in graduate students’ research, learning and scholastic achievement. Nonetheless, studies done reveal that e-resources remain underutilized. This study aimed at investigating the role of citation and referencing competences in enhancing e-resource utilization among graduate students in Christian Universities in Nairobi County. Descriptive survey research design was used to gather comprehensive data. Stratified and systematic sampling was employed to select graduate students, and purposive sampling to select librarians. The target population was 843 graduate students and 8 library staff. A 20% sample was selected, resulting to 168 graduate students and 8 librarians. Questionnaires collected data from graduate students and the librarians were interviewed. Thematic analysis was done for qualitative data, which was presented thematically and using verbatim. Quantitative data analysis was conducted using SPSS, employing descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The results were presented in tables and figures. The findings revealed that graduate students showed a strong preference for and effectively utilized a variety of e-resources. Additionally, they demonstrated a satisfactory understanding and application of citation, referencing styles, and reference management software/tools. The Pearson correlation analysis indicated a strong positive linear association. Consequently, the study concluded that citing and referencing significantly affected graduate students’ use of e-resources. Based on these findings, the study recommends mandatory training in citing and referencing for graduate students in Christian universities in Nairobi County. It emphasizes the need to market e-resources, analyze usage statistics, and reassess the library budget. Additionally, attention should be given to mastering referencing, improving citation ability, and utilizing reference management tools/software in a bid to optimizing e-resource use and overall academic success.
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    The Evangelical Counsel Of Chastity As A Means Of Living Affective Love In Community Among Religious Women Living Along Lang’ata South Road In Nairobi, Kenya
    (African Journal of Consecrated Life, 2020) Caroline Wanjiku, Munene; Jude Mulenga, Chisanga; Remigius Okonkwo, Ikpe
    This study examined ways in which the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity enhances living of affective love in communities among religious women. The objectives of the study were: to examine the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity as a means of promoting mutual trust and openness in living affective love in the community; to evaluate the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity as a way of enhancing mutual respect and acceptance; to assess how the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity could reinforce companionship and sharing; to determine how the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity could facilitate teamwork and effective communication; and to establish intervention strategies for facing the challenges of the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity as a means of living affective love in the community. The study was guided by the Stages in the Development of the Community Model by Hammett and Sofield (1981). The research used a convergent parallel mixed method design, which involved the use of questionnaires and interviews. Quantitative data from the questionnaires was coded, tabulated and presented in frequencies and percentages. Qualitative data was summarized according to the emerging themes and presented in narrative form and precise quotes. The findings of the study revealed that faithfulness to the values of the Evangelical Counsel of Chastity enhances mutual trust and openness; mutual respect and acceptance; companionship, sharing, teamwork and effective communication among the sisters. However, the results of the study also showed some inconsistencies in the understanding of the values of the vow and its practical living in communities. The study recommends that formators must engage in continual update of the values of the vow of Chastity as well as incorporating current theological, psychological and sociological advancements for more effective life of chastity. The study also recommends that major superiors and formators must intensify formation for Chastity in both initial and on-going formation. Particularly, they must pay attention to the uniqueness of each individual, impart practical ways of living affective love in community as well as provide mentorship for consecrated persons in the living of affective love.
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    Christian Spirituality of Work: A Survey of Workers in Ndola City,Zambia
    (AMECEA GABA PUBLICATIONS - CUEA PRESS, 2018-03) Jude Mulenga, Chisanga
    Zambia isaland-locked countrysurrounded b eghtother countries: Botswana and Zimbabwe to the south; Namibia to the south-west; Angola to the west; Tanzania and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to the north; Malawi to the east and Mozambique on the south-east. Consequently, Zambia has no outlet to the sea, but has rivers like the Zambezi, Kafue, Kafubu, Luapula, Chambeshi and Luangwa. Equally, it has lakes such as Mweru, Tanganyika, Bangweulu and Kariba, which is a man-made lake. Much of the country is a plateau, and is wholly part of the tropical savannah grassland. 11 The climate is tropical and mostly characterized by hot dry and wet rainy seasons, with intermediate cold seasons.12 Zambia's population is concentrated along the line of the rail and the industrial area. This is because of the ever-present rural-urban drift. Among the major cities in Zambia are Kitwe, Lusaka, Ndola, Chipata and Livingstone. The country covers 753,000 square kilometres of land. It is larger than countries such as Switzerland and Denmark. 13
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    Living the Eucharist: An Aspect of a Christian's Ongoing Formation
    (Tangaza journal of theology and mission, 2015) Jude Mulenga, Chisanga
    In this article, the author cffers his nftections on the importance efforming every Christian in devotion to the Eucharist. Reflecting on its role under six themes, the author argues that, aware ef the real presence ef God in the Holy Eucharist, every Christian should be lost in wonder before this reality. This paper is an invitation to on-going formation into a deep appre­ ciation of the sacrament of the Holy Eucharist. It is important for us to arrive at a sense of Eucharistic amazement as we live our Christian lives. I am proposing that a Christian's on-going formation needs to be centred on the reality of the Eucharist. Eve1y Christian life needs to be a reflection of the Eucharist. Writing about how the Eucharist should be mirrored in the religious life, E. Rinere tells us that 'the Eucharist speaks' everything. It is all-encompassing' .1 Even though my paper relies for the most part on Holy Scripture, I recommend the reader to consult the books in the bibliography be­ cause these have influenced my understanding of the Eucharist.